Many pieces which were said to have been composed by Pergolesi have been misattributed; the Stabat Mater is definitely by Pergolesi, as a manuscript in his handwriting has been preserved. The work was composed for a Neapolitan confraternity, the Confraternita dei Cavalieri di San Luigi di Palazzo, which had also commissioned a Stabat Mater from Alessandro Scarlatti. Pergolesi composed it during his final illness from tuberculosis in a Franciscan monastery in Pozzuoli, along with a Salve Regina setting, and, as it is said, finished it right before he died. The Stabat Mater is one of Pergolesi's most celebrated sacred works, achieving great popularity after the composer's death. It is performed here by Le Concert de l'Hostel Dieu with Franck-Emmanuel Comte at the organ and as conductor.